Exploring Careers in Accounting

It's no secret that accountants play a pivotal role in today's economy, contributing to the financial health and success of companies in Ireland and across the world. The consistent demand for accountants means that those aspiring to join the field have numerous career opportunities to explore.

To streamline information for individuals interested in accounting careers, Accounting Technicians Ireland has created this comprehensive guide for careers in accounting. This resource aims to provide aspiring accountants with valuable insights into potential career prospects within the field of accounting. It covers a wide range of topics, including roles, industries, key skills, career progression, and earning potential within the accounting profession.

Roles and Specialisations in Accounting 

Accountants are vital assets to businesses across various industries, spanning financial services, technology, healthcare, manufacturing and more. Choosing a career in accounting means playing a pivotal role in optimising supply chains, managing inventory, and contributing to business profitability, depending on the specific role selected. In every industry, the financial expertise of accountants is integral, addressing unique challenges and seizing opportunities for sustained business growth and competitiveness.

Successful accountants master both technical expertise and vital soft skills for success in dynamic workplaces. Proficiency in accounting software, financial analysis, and regulatory compliance is fundamental. Equally crucial are strong communication skills for effective collaboration, as well as by problem-solving abilities to address intricate financial challenges with adeptness.

That said, accounting is a multifaceted profession with a wide array of roles and specialisations and professionals can tailor their careers to align with their interests and skills. This section delves into some of the many diverse roles within the accounting domain, emphasising the importance of choosing a path that resonates with individual career goals.

Financial Accountant

Financial accountants play a crucial role in ensuring the accuracy and transparency of an organisation's financial records. Responsible for preparing financial statements, maintaining ledgers, and reconciling accounts, financial accountants provide a comprehensive overview of a company's financial health. 

If you decide on a career as a financial accountant, you can expect your duties to include compliance with accounting standards, and regulatory requirements, and collaborating with external auditors to ensure financial accuracy.

Internal Auditor

Internal auditors provide independent and objective evaluations of financial and operational business activities, including corporate governance. Individuals employed in this role will assess and enhance the effectiveness of an organisation's internal controls and risk management by conducting thorough reviews of financial procedures, identifying areas of improvement, and ensuring compliance with policies and regulations. 

Internal Auditors are responsible for providing valuable insights to management, helping enhance operational efficiency, and safeguarding against fraud and financial mismanagement.

External Auditor

External Auditors play a crucial role in maintaining transparency and trust in financial reporting. They are responsible for examining and verifying an organisation's financial statements for accuracy and compliance. External auditors are employed from outside audit firms, such as Deloitte or PwC, meaning they are independent of all clients. For this reason, they can make impartial evaluations of the financial statements and systems of internal controls of those clients. The objective evaluation of an external auditor assures stakeholders, including investors and regulatory bodies, of the reliability of financial information. 

Management Accountant

Specialising in internal financial management, management accountants concentrate on strategic decision-making within organisations. Their expertise lies in analysing a spectrum of data, encompassing both financial and non-financial aspects, to provide crucial insights aimed at improving operational efficiency. In this capacity, management accountants actively participate in key financial processes, including variance analysis, budgeting, forecasting, and profitability assessments. Their contributions extend to shaping core strategies, guiding decision-making processes, and addressing financial considerations such as operational expenditure, capital expenditure, and revenue.

Management accountants play a pivotal role in aligning financial objectives with overarching organisational goals, fostering a proactive approach to financial planning and continuous improvement.

Financial Analyst

Whether in corporate finance, investment banking, or an internal finance team, financial analysts are responsible for the analysis of financial data, market trends, and economic indicators to inform investment decisions. Those who choose this career path will utilise financial models to evaluate risks and opportunities, providing recommendations to maximise the profitability of the company they are working for. The role of the financial analyst also extends to supporting strategic financial planning.

In addition to data analysis and interpretation, financial analysts contribute to maintaining databases through data entry, verification, and backup processes. They may enhance productivity within a company by developing automated accounting applications and coordinating information requirements. Overall, financial analysts are integral to decision-making processes, employing their analytical skills to drive financial strategies and ensure data accuracy.

Tax Advisor

Tax advisors specialise in navigating the intricate landscape of tax law and regulations, providing invaluable assistance to individuals and businesses. Their strategic counsel is geared towards minimising tax risk and optimising financial decisions, while all the time ensuring adherence to tax laws. 

By staying attuned to evolving tax codes, tax advisors empower clients to make informed decisions, efficiently manage tax obligations, and strategically leverage opportunities for financial advantage. Their commitment to staying current in this dynamic field underscores their dedication to securing the best possible outcomes for their clients in an ever-changing tax environment.


Bookkeepers serve as the backbone of a business's financial operations, meticulously handling day-to-day transactions of a business. Those undertaking a career as a bookkeeper can expect duties to include the recording and categorisation of financial transactions, and the maintenance of accurate ledgers. 

Bookkeepers play a foundational role in ensuring the accuracy of financial data, supporting other accounting professionals, namely financial accountants, in their roles. Their attention to detail is crucial for maintaining financial integrity within an organisation.

Career as an Accountant in Practice vs. Industry

When deciding on a career in accounting, a choice must also be made between working in an accounting firm, known as practice, and working within a single company in an internal finance team, known as industry. When choosing between practice and industry, it's important to note the unique advantages and challenges that each path offers.

Working in an accounting firm offers exposure to a diverse range of clients and industries. Accountants in practice develop a broad skill set through handling varied projects, audits, and tax matters. The fast-paced nature of client services fosters adaptability and expertise, which is why many begin their career as an accountant in practice. Career progression here also tends to be structured, with clear milestones such as becoming a manager or partner. However, the high demand for billable hours can lead to long work hours, impacting work-life balance.

On the other hand, choosing an industry role can offer an in-depth understanding of a single company's operations, promoting a more strategic, long-term focus and a generally better work-life balance. Career advancement is less formalised, and linked to gaining expertise in specific business functions. Job stability in industry roles is often perceived as higher due to the stability of established corporations. 

The decision between an accounting career in practice or industry hinges on individual preferences and, ultimately, the ideal choice aligns with the accountant's aspirations for professional goals and personal balance.

It is important to note that with a proactive approach to professional development and a commitment to staying current with evolving industry standards and technological advancements, transitioning between industry accounting and practice, and vice versa, is a feasible and common career move for accountants. The flexibility inherent in a career in accounting allows professionals to adapt to changing career preferences, skill development needs, and industry trends.

Career Progression in Accounting

Much like other industries, the future for accounting indicates an increased reliance on technology. Technological advancements and regulatory changes are reshaping the profession. Automation, artificial intelligence, and cloud-based solutions are streamlining processes, demanding a tech-savvy approach. In a similar vein, regulatory shifts, such as changes in tax laws, necessitate constant adaptation. This is why when undertaking a career in accounting, staying abreast of current trends is paramount for professional success. Prioritising professional development to understand and integrate these trends enhances career prospects in accounting. Continuous learning through workshops, seminars, and certifications not only ensures compliance but will continue to position individuals as an invaluable asset in a landscape where adaptability and tech proficiency are key. 

That said, in recent years, the demand for accountants in Ireland and globally has remained strong, fuelled by the indispensable role accounting professionals play in financial governance. As businesses worldwide navigate complex financial scenarios, the need for skilled professionals who can interpret and implement technological solutions while ensuring compliance becomes increasingly evident. This demand is particularly evident in Ireland, where accounting professionals enjoy excellent career prospects and competitive salaries, with the average annual remuneration package for a qualified chartered accountant in Leinster, which includes Dublin, is reported to exceed €118,000.

January 2024 Prospectus 

In conclusion, choosing a career in accounting presents dynamic opportunities across diverse sectors, from financial services to technology and beyond. On top of this, the adaptability of the accounting profession can allow individuals to tailor their career paths in a way that suits their lifestyle, whether in practice or industry. Aspiring accountants should take the time to focus on exploring the huge range of career paths in this profession, make informed choices, and then begin their journey in the ever-evolving field of accounting.

Thank you for reading our blog 'Exploring Careers in Accounting'. We hope this has helped you on your journey towards your accounting career. To learn how you can begin your accounting journey with Accounting Technicians Ireland, the leading professional body for Accounting Technicians in Ireland, download our course info pack here.

Get In Touch

Required fields are indicated*

Your personal data will be managed respectfully and responsibly, in accordance with our Data Protection Policy

Become a Member